Central Banks Boosting Gold Reserves in 2023

Central Banks Boosting Gold Reserves in 2023

In 2023, central banks worldwide continue to increase their gold reserves, despite the volatile gold price that holds the mid-$1,800 level. In this article, we will explore the reasons why central banks are buying more gold and discuss whether gold is a safe haven asset for investors.

Central Banks' Gold Buying Spree

According to the latest data from the World Gold Council, central banks bought 536 tons of gold in 2022, the highest annual total since 2015. Russia and China remain the top gold buyers among central banks, but other countries such as India, Kazakhstan, and Turkey also added significant amounts to their gold reserves. In the first quarter of 2023, central banks continued their buying spree, with Russia, China, and Kazakhstan leading the way.

Why are central banks buying more gold? One reason is to diversify their foreign reserves, which are typically denominated in US dollars or euros. Gold is a non-correlated asset, meaning it tends to move independently from other financial assets, including currencies, stocks, and bonds. By holding gold, central banks can reduce their exposure to geopolitical and economic risks and enhance the stability of their reserves.

Another reason is to prepare for a possible shift away from the US dollar as the dominant global reserve currency. Some analysts argue that the ongoing US-China trade war, the rising US debt, and the increasing use of digital currencies could weaken the US dollar's status as the world's reserve currency. In such a scenario, gold could emerge as a viable alternative for central banks to park their reserves.

Gold as a Safe Haven Asset

The recent buying activity of central banks highlights the role of gold as a safe haven asset. A safe haven asset is an investment that is expected to retain or increase its value during times of market turbulence, such as economic recessions, geopolitical tensions, or natural disasters. Gold has historically been regarded as a safe haven asset due to its unique properties, including its scarcity, durability, and universal acceptance.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, gold prices surged to record highs as investors sought refuge from the uncertainty and volatility in the financial markets. The same trend has continued in 2023, as global economic growth remains uneven, inflation fears mount, and central banks maintain their accommodative monetary policies. Gold's appeal as a safe haven asset is also supported by the low or negative yields on government bonds and the high valuations of many stocks and cryptocurrencies.


Central banks are buying more gold in 2023, as they seek to diversify their reserves and prepare for potential currency shifts. Gold's status as a safe haven asset has also attracted investors' attention, as they look for ways to protect their portfolios from market turmoil. Whether gold will continue to hold its value over the long term remains uncertain, as the global economy and financial markets face many challenges and opportunities. However, gold's unique properties and historical performance suggest that it will remain an important asset for central banks and investors alike.